Quantification of phenolic derivatives and antioxidant activity of the leaves of Chamaecrista diphylla (L.) Greene (Fabaceae))

José Diogo Evangelista Reis, Paulo Wender Portal Gomes, Abraão de Jesus Barbosa Muribeca, Marcela Natalia Rocha de Castro

Resumo


Based on chemotaxonomy, the specie Chamaecrista diphylla (L.) Greene became the object of study of this work, since it is part of the same genus of C. nictitans, where there are proanthocyanidins, which act against the Herpes Simplex Virus. Thus, this work aimed to determine the compounds phenol content and antioxidant potential of extracts and fractions of leaves C. diphylla. Quantitative analysis showed ethyl acetate fraction (F-AcOEt) and ethanolic extract (EE) showed the highest levels of phenolic compounds, flavonoids and condensed tannins. Referent at antioxididant activity, the EC50 value for F-AcOEt (0.11 mg.mL-1) was better than the ascorbic acid standard (0.13 mg.mL-1), indicating a strong activity. It can also be noted that the content of flavonoids and condensed tannins are strongly correlated with antioxidant activity. Therefore, it is suggested that C. diphylla specie have secondary metabolites, flavonoids and tannins, with promising biological actions for application in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry.

Palavras-chave


medicinal plants; phenolic compounds; antioxidant activity.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14808/sci.plena.2020.037201

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Direitos autorais 2020 José Diogo Evangelista Reis, Abraão de Jesus Barbosa Muribeca, Marcela Natalia Rocha de Castro, Paulo Wender Portal Gomes

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