Contractile effect of Hydroalcoholic extract of Sida cordifolia L. leaves in rat aorta

Marcio Roberto Viana Santos, Í. J. A. Moreira, J. M. B. Filho, I. A. Medeiros


In the present work, the contractile effect induced by aqueous fraction of the hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of Sida cordifolia L. (AFSC) was investigated in the rat aorta. In the presence of functional endothelium, AFSC produced contractions in a concentration-dependent manner (EC50 = 1.23 ± 0.09 mg/mL; n=6). In the absence of functional endothelium or in the presence of L-NAME (100 mM), the concentration-response curves to AFSC were significantly shifted to the left (EC50 = 0.84 ± 0.1 and 0.54 ± 0.15 mg/mL, respectively; n=6) with an increase of its maximal contractile response. In the presence of indomethacin (10 mM), the concentration-response curve produced by AFSC was not changed (EC50 = 1.28 ± 0.05 mg/mL; n=6). In addition, concentration-response curves to AFSC were significantly shifted to the right in the presence of 1 mM of prazosin (EC50 = 1.40 ± 0.01 mg/mL; n=7), but were not changed after 3 mM of yohimbine (EC50 = 1.22 ± 0.06 mg/mL; n=6). In conclusions, these results demonstrate that the contractions induced by AFSC in the rat aorta seem to be due to an activation of a1‑adrenergic receptors, and these seem to be negatively modulated by endothelium and release of NO.


rat aorta, Sida cordifolia, alpha -1 adrenergic receptor

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