Population structure of Paralonchurus brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1875) (Perciformes: Sciaenidae) in the coast of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil

Kátia de Meirelles Felizola Freire, Jéssica Veras Diniz, Thaiza Maria Rezende da Rocha Barreto, Marcelo Fulgêncio Guedes Brito, Izabela Fátima Lessa Canuto, Tatiana Menezes Silva

Resumo


Paralonchurus brasiliensis is one of the most common fish species found in the bycatch of shrimp trawling in Sergipe. We analyzed its population structure through four sampling programs, two using hired shrimp trawlers (2013-2014 and 2017-2018) and two from the commercial shrimp fleet (2015-2016 and 2018-2019). The codend mesh size varied among programs (18, 20, and 21 mm). All specimens of P. brasiliensis were identified and had their standard and total lengths (SL and TL; cm) and their total weight (TW; g) measured. A total of 1509 specimens were collected measuring 4.7-22.9 cm TL and 0.4-114.8 g. About 67% of all specimens were below the length at first maturity (14.7 cm). The length-length and weight-length relationships estimated were TL=1.141+1.176×SL and TW=0.00270×TL3.391, respectively. The recruitment probably occurs in September-October and May. This species appeared to be more abundant at 15 m, and larger individuals were found at 5 m. Although P. brasiliensis is frequently caught in shrimp fisheries, it is not reported in catch statistics. Here, for the first time, we have documented its presence in Aracaju’s market under the categories ‘miunça’ and ‘pescadinha’ (97% adults), with the largest specimens landed and commercialized as ‘pescadinha’ together with other species. Smaller individuals are probably discarded by commercial fishers. The low selectivity of the fishing gear used leads to the capture of many juveniles, which may impact the population dynamics of this species as well as other species found in the same fishing ground.


Palavras-chave


banded croaker, sciaenids, bycatch

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14808/sci.plena.2020.117401

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Direitos autorais 2020 Kátia de Meirelles Felizola Freire, Jéssica Veras Diniz, Thaiza M. R. R. Barreto, Marcelo F. G. Brito, Izabela Fátima Lessa Canuto, Tatiana Menezes Silva

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