Initial growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Hymenaea courbaril plants submitted to different concentrations of potassium

Autores

  • Nayara Cristina de Melo Instituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia do Pará, Avenida Almirante Barroso, nº 1155, Bairro Marco, CEP 66093-020, Belém- PA, Brasil.
  • Ane Marcela das Chagas Mendonça Universidade Federal de Lavras
  • Cléber Lázaro Rodas Universidade Federal de Lavras, Departamento de Ciência do Solo, Campus Universitário, CEP 37200-000, Lavras-MG, Brasil. Caixa Postal 3037
  • Suelen Francisca Ribeiro Universidade Federal de Lavras, Departamento de Biologia, Setor de Fisiologia Vegetal, Campus Universitário, CEP 37200-000, Lavras-MG, Brasil. Caixa Postal 3037.
  • Vanessa da Fontoura Custódio Monteiro Universidade Federal de Lavras, Departamento de Biologia, Setor de Fisiologia Vegetal, Campus Universitário, CEP 37200-000, Lavras-MG, Brasil. Caixa Postal 3037.
  • João Paulo Rodrigues Alves Delfino Barbosa Universidade Federal de Lavras, Departamento de Biologia, Setor de Fisiologia Vegetal, Campus Universitário, CEP 37200-000, Lavras-MG, Brasil. Caixa Postal 3037.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14808/sci.plena.2017.091201

Palavras-chave:

Jatobá tree, hydroponic cultivation, reforestation.

Resumo

The degradation of Cerrado biome has been increasing the demand for high quality tree seedlings, so that it is necessary to understand the nutritional requirements of these plants. Hymenaea courbaril L., known as jatobá, has a wide distribution that makes it an alternative of reforestation of degraded areas. The aim of the experiment was to evaluate H. courbaril initial growth and gas exchange characteristics under different potassium concentrations (K+). The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with five treatments (T0- 0, T1- 3, T2- 6, T3-9 e T4- 12 mM of K+) and four repetitions. Growth measurements were carried out every 15 days. SPAD index and gas exchange measurements were evaluated at 0, 30, and 60 days after treatment imposition. At the end of the experimental period, dry matter was evaluated, and root: shoot ratio (R:S) and Dickson quality index (DQI) were calculated The data were subjected to a one-way ANOVA and by Tukey’s test (P<0.05). The growth characteristics did not show significant difference with different concentrations of K+. At 0 and 30 days the photosynthetic traits were not different. However, at 60 days the absent- (T0), lower- (T1), and hyper- (T4) K+ concentration showed a reduction in SPAD index and gas exchanges parameters, confirming the role of this nutrient in the photosynthetic activity. Thus, regardless the K+ doses during 60 days, H. courbaril reached the growth requirements of field plantations. However, after this period the plant survival could be decreased in low K+ availability conditions.

Biografia do Autor

Ane Marcela das Chagas Mendonça, Universidade Federal de Lavras

http://lattes.cnpq.br/4166711956661353

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Publicado

2017-11-06